Fascial Distortion Model

Fascial Distortion Model


FDM stands for the Fascial Distortion Model, developed by Dr. Stephen Typaldos, DO.  It’s a treatment model in which virtually all soft tissue injuries or musculoskeletal complaints are viewed through one or more of the six different types of alterations to the body’s connective tissues (tendons, ligaments, retinacula, fascial bands, myofascia, adhesions, and other tissues that surround and engulf muscles, bones, nerves, and organs).

FDM contains a detailed physical assessment based on the patient’s history, verbal, and physical description and coupled with the mechanism of injury and relevant orthopedic tests. This leads the practitioner to a specific diagnosis to address the correct type of soft tissue treatment. Once the altered tissue has been identified, the doctors utilize hands on contacts dictated by the physical assessment to treat and correct the injury.


Many soft tissue conditions and injuries are misdiagnosed as muscle tears, pulled muscles, strains, sprains, tendonitis, bursitis, arthritis, fibromyalgia, etc. This leads to the often prescribed and ineffective treatment regimen of resting and anti-inflammatory medications, as well as targeting the wrong tissue during treatments.

FDM’s effectiveness is gained through listening and watching specific patient cues that lead the practitioner to the root of the soft tissue injury, thus treating the correct tissue first and reducing the overall treatment time.

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